women and trauma relationship

Women and Trauma

Women are twice as likely to develop PTSD as men are. This may occur because women are also more likely to have sexual trauma both as children and as adults. Sexual trauma is an extremely adverse and traumatic event whenever it occurs. Additionally, 1 in every 3 women will experience a sexual assault in their lifetimes. Read on to learn more about the relationship between women and trauma and how The Ranch TN can help women overcome this trauma.

Effects of Women and Trauma

Women who experienced sexual abuse as children may find that they have difficulties later in life if they do not address their trauma. Many people will seek counseling as adults when they begin to have relationship issues and other difficulties related to abuse. Childhood sexual abuse can affect self-image, self-esteem, body image, and the ability to manage intimacy in romantic relationships.

Consequently, these are often issues that will cause women to seek counseling. Women will also commonly seek help for depression, anxiety, substance disorders, and eating disorders if they have been sexually abused.


Childhood sexual abuse can also negatively impact parenting. Women who experienced abuse as children may find themselves excessively preoccupied with their children’s safety. Their vigilance may interfere with their children’s development of age-appropriate autonomy, confidence, and security.

Women who suffered from sexual abuse may also have conflicted feelings about showing physical affection to their own children or allowing others to do so. Since sexual abuse distorts the experience of touch, affection, and adult/child relationships, women may need support to determine healthy and appropriate parenting strategies.

Related Disorders

Many women suffer from chronic depression and anxiety which begins during or shortly after periods of abuse. Some women turn to the use of substances or food-related behaviors to cope with thoughts, feelings, and memories that are distressful and persistent.

If these trauma-related symptoms occur for some time, women who consistently use unhealthy behaviors to cope are likely to also develop other disorders. Such women may find that trauma symptoms initially recur or increase until they find different coping skills.


Sexual abuse survivors have experienced violations of their personal boundaries, trust, psychological and physical safety, and sense of self. It is common for survivors to feel deep shame, guilt, and even responsibility for their own victimization. It is also often difficult for survivors to understand and have healthy interpersonal boundaries.

Some women will become distrustful and keep others at bay. Other women will find any limit-setting or assertiveness difficult. Survivors of sexual abuse may not know how to navigate more balanced and less extreme ways of relating to others.

Symptoms of Trauma in Women

Sexual trauma can cause a severe trauma reaction and can result in PTSD. Many survivors of sexual trauma are easily startled, reluctant to be touched (even lovingly), fearful, and are preoccupied with distressful memories and thoughts about the event. For some, touch, even in wanted physical intimacy, can trigger such symptoms as flashbacks, revulsion, and fear.

Other instances of appropriate touch such as medical exams can trigger PTSD as well. Some survivors have an opposite response and become numb, apathetic, or under-responsive to intimacy and touch. They also may experience periods of dissociation or extreme detachment.

Shame, Guilt and Internalized Blame

It is common for both child and adult survivors of sexual trauma to blame themselves for their victimization. They may also feel profound guilt and shame about being a victim. As a result, many victims will keep their feelings to themselves.

Additionally, perpetrators of abuse may convince children that they would get in trouble if others found out about the abuse. Adult victims may choose not to report an incident to the authorities or to pursue court protection or prosecution because of shame and guilt. This is especially true for women who are victimized by family members or intimate partners.

Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault

Women who are sexually assaulted by their intimate partners experience sex as an act of dominance, control, and violence. Sexual aggression, such as rape or psychological coercion is a tactic of power and control. When this happens in an intimate relationship, it affects one’s sense of trust and safety.

Being victimized by others who you expect protection from also creates a negative and distorted sense of one’s own identity and self-worth. Feelings of abandonment and betrayal are common in such situations as is ambivalence about the ‘love-hate’ relationship with the abuser. Victims often blame themselves for the abuse. They look for personal faults and mistakes that can be corrected in order to prevent further abuse.

How The Ranch TN Can Help

If you or a loved one is a woman who has experienced trauma or sexual abuse, contact The Ranch TN at 1.844.876.7680 for help. Our treatments and programs can help you overcome this trauma and live a healthy life.

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