distressed person and concerned family member discussing the types of bipolar disorder

What Are the Types of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings, ranging from depression to mania. There are several types of bipolar disorder, each with its own set of symptoms and treatment options. Knowing the different types of bipolar disorder, the signs of bipolar disorder, and the various treatment options available can lead you or a loved one to wellness.

The Ranch can help if you or someone you know is struggling with bipolar disorder. We offer a comprehensive bipolar disorder treatment program that addresses the physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects. Call 1.844.876.7680 today to learn more.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are several types of bipolar disorder, including bipolar disorder I, bipolar disorder II, cyclothymic disorder, and other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders.

Bipolar Disorder I

This type of bipolar disorder is characterized by at least one manic episode, which lasts for at least one week. A manic episode is a period of abnormally elevated or irritable mood, energy, and activity levels. During a manic episode, individuals may experience inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, racing thoughts, and impulsivity.

Bipolar Disorder II

This type of bipolar disorder is characterized by at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode. A hypomanic episode is a less severe form of mania that lasts for at least four days. Individuals may experience increased energy, creativity, and productivity during a hypomanic episode.

Cyclothymic Disorder

This type of bipolar disorder is characterized by numerous periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms that last for at least two years. These symptoms are less severe than those seen in bipolar disorder I and II.

Signs of Bipolar Disorder

The signs of bipolar disorder can vary depending on the type of bipolar disorder and the individual. However, some common signs of bipolar disorder include:

• Extreme mood swings

• Episodes of mania and/or depression

• Difficulty sleeping

• Rapid thoughts and speech

• Impulsivity and risky behavior

• Anxiety and irritability

• Loss of interest in activities

People with bipolar disorder may also have suicidal thoughts or behavior, and it is essential to seek help if these thoughts occur.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

Bipolar disorder can be treated with medication, therapy, or a combination of both. The type of treatment depends on the severity and type of bipolar disorder.


Medications used to treat bipolar disorder include mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants. Mood stabilizers, such as lithium and valproic acid, are used to prevent or control manic and depressive episodes. Antipsychotics are used to treat severe manic or mixed episodes, while antidepressants are used to treat depressive episodes.


Therapy can be an effective treatment for bipolar disorder. Types of therapy include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoeducational, and family therapy. CBT helps individuals recognize and change negative thought patterns and behaviors contributing to their symptoms. Psychoeducation allows individuals and their families to understand the nature of bipolar disorder and how to manage symptoms. Family therapy can help improve communication and support for individuals with bipolar disorder.

The Ranch Can Help

At The Ranch, we understand the challenges that come with bipolar disorder. Our team of professionals is trained to provide personalized treatment plans to help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. We offer a range of programs and services, including drug and alcohol detox, inpatient residential rehab, and residential mental health treatment.

Our therapies include individual, family, group, and trauma-informed care. We also offer experiential therapy programs, such as equine therapy, to help individuals learn to manage their symptoms in a safe and supportive environment.

Call The Ranch Today to Start Bipolar Disorder Treatment

If you or a loved one is struggling with bipolar disorder, contact The Ranch today. We are here to help you on your journey to recovery. Our admissions team is available 24/7 to answer questions and provide information about our programs. Today, take the first step toward a healthier and happier life by calling 1.844.876.7680 or completing our online form.

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