Cocaine can be highly addictive, both physically and psychologically. Cocaine influences the central nervous system and boosts levels of mood-enhancing neurotransmitters that naturally occur in the brain like norepinephrine and dopamine, resulting in euphoria, alertness and increased energy.
Though cocaine use peaked in the mid-1980s, it is still prevalent in today’s society. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an estimated 855,000 people are addicted to cocaine in the U.S. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reported a 29% increase in the number of cocaine-related deaths from 2001 to 2013.
Cocaine addiction treatment is most effective when it addresses the problem from all angles — physical, mental and emotional — to heal the physical dependence and health deficiencies seen in those suffering from cocaine addiction. Cocaine rehab is also designed to identify and work through the underlying issues that propel drug use and the psychological disorders that may contribute to it. Learn more about The Ranch drug rehab program or call 844-876-7680.
Warning Signs of Cocaine Addiction
Indicators of cocaine/stimulant addiction include the need for larger amounts to achieve the same desired result. This dangerous cycle makes cutting back or discontinuing use very difficult, and possibly dangerous without the help of medical professionals.
Here are some of the signs that a person is addicted to cocaine:
- Intense preoccupation with cocaine
- Requiring more and more cocaine to get the same desired effect
- Neglecting relationships or activities or socializing with a completely new group of people
- Experiencing physical and/or psychological withdrawal symptoms during periods without cocaine, or using cocaine to prevent withdrawal symptoms
- Decreased interest in usual enjoyable activities
- Frequent runny nose or sniffing
- Failed attempts to quit using cocaine on one’s own
- Poor self-care habits
- Depression or anxiety
- Changes in eating or sleeping patterns
- Continued cocaine use despite financial, legal, career or relationship problems it creates
Cocaine Detox and Cocaine Withdrawal
Withdrawal symptoms from stimulants may begin within a few hours of the last use and can continue for up to two weeks or more depending on the person, duration and amount of drug use. Medically monitored cocaine detox eases withdrawal symptoms and allows for quick response to any life-threatening emergencies.
Cocaine withdrawal symptoms can include:
- Vivid/unpleasant dreams
- Aches and pains
- Tremors, chills and night sweats
Why Is Cocaine So Addictive?
Stimulant abuse affects neurotransmitter levels in the brain responsible for good and bad feelings. The brain gets used to increased amounts of these neurotransmitters to create pleasant feelings. People often get psychologically addicted to the short-lived feel-good effects of cocaine and can also develop a physical dependence on the drug, needing more to get the same effect and suffering withdrawal symptoms after a period of time without the drug.
Dangers of Abusing Cocaine
People who use cocaine often don’t eat or sleep regularly. They can experience increased heart rate, muscle spasms and convulsions. If they snort cocaine, they can also permanently damage their nasal tissue. Cocaine also affects emotions. Using cocaine can make one feel paranoid, angry, hostile and anxious, even when they aren’t high.
Cocaine interferes with the brain chemicals that create feelings of pleasure, so users need more and more of the drug just to feel normal. People who become addicted to cocaine may start to lose interest in other areas of their life like school, friends and social activities.
Cocaine can have serious health risks. Even first-time cocaine users can have seizures or fatal heart attacks. Cocaine use can also cause strokes and respiratory failure. People who inject cocaine with needles that they share with others are also at risk for contracting hepatitis, HIV/AIDS or other diseases.
Many cocaine abusers also combine the drug with other drugs or alcohol, which is extremely dangerous. The effects of one drug can magnify the effects of another, and mixing substances can be deadly.
Cocaine Addiction Treatment
When a person stops using cocaine, their body must begin to produce the neurotransmitters, or feel-good chemicals, that were depleted due to abuse of the drug. This is most effectively done with the help of addiction professionals who can guide the process through the use of carefully monitored prescription drugs to ease withdrawal symptoms and cravings. The underlying issues that led to cocaine addiction should be addressed and individuals must learn healthy coping skills to sustain recovery.
At The Ranch drug and alcohol rehab in Tennessee, we provide a comprehensive, medically monitored drug detox program with 24/7 medical staff that ensures the highest level of comfort and care during cocaine detox. Once clients have safely moved through detox, they transition into an individualized treatment program with clients sharing similar issues. In cocaine treatment, they address the issues and situations that led to their addiction, learn healthy coping skills, and begin to heal the physical, mental and emotional wounds of addiction. Learn more about our Tennessee drug rehab program or call 844-876-7680.