Everyone has ups and downs. Many people occasionally feel sad or depressed, often for very significant reasons and sometimes for no apparent reason. But a person with a mood disorder has ups and downs or chronic depression persistently, and to a degree that is not in tune with their circumstances. Their moods are often out of sync with what is happening in their lives.

Mood disorders are crippling enough alone, but often they are complicated by co-occurring disorders such as substance abuse, eating disorders and behavioral addictions. Effective treatment must address the biological and situational contributors to mood disorders as well as any co-occurring mental health issues. Learn more about The Ranch treatment program’s comprehensive approach to depression treatment or call 844-876-7680.

What Is a Mood Disorder?

The term “mood disorders” encompasses a number of conditions, including major depression, dysthymia (persistent depression), bipolar disorder and seasonal affective disorder. About 20.9 million American adults suffer from mood disorders according to a National Comorbidity Survey-Replication study.

Learn more about the following mood disorders:

  • Depression – This mood disorder is characterized by two or more weeks of hopelessness, decreased interest in usual activities and irritability and may include other symptoms like insomnia, weight fluctuations, headaches and thoughts of suicide. Learn more.
  • Bipolar Disorder – Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, involves one or more episodes of depressed mood and one or more periods of elevated mood or mania. Learn more.
  • Dysthymia – Dysthymia, or dysthymic disorder, involves an ongoing, low-grade depressed mood that lasts at least one year and often begins in childhood or early adulthood. Learn more.

Mood Disorder Signs and Symptoms

Common symptoms of mood disorders include:

  • Feelings of sadness, guilt, hopelessness or inadequacy
  • Irritability
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Changes in appetite or weight
  • Insomnia, fatigue or changes in sleep
  • Physical complaints

Mood disorders like depression and bipolar disorder commonly co-occur with drug and alcohol addiction.

What Causes Mood Disorders?

The specific cause of mood disorders has yet to be determined, but research suggests that it is likely rooted in early childhood experiences, trauma and/or genetic predisposition. Mood disorders may also be tied to substance abuse, challenging or painful life circumstances, or medical conditions.

Treatment for Mood Disorders

Mood disorders generally respond well to a combination of antidepressants or mood-stabilizing medications as well as psychotherapy. Medications can ease symptoms within a few weeks while psychotherapy can help the individual explore underlying emotional and interpersonal issues that contribute to the disorder, and learn healthy coping skills to deal with the stresses that also impact their illness.

The Ranch mental health treatment center provides specialized treatment for mood disorders like depression and bipolar disorder while simultaneously addressing co-occurring disorders such as substance abuse, trauma and eating disorders. Our inpatient depression treatment program includes a thorough assessment and stabilization phase to properly diagnose all mental health disorders, substance use disorders and compulsive behaviors followed by a comprehensive treatment program that heals physical, psychological and spiritual wounds. Learn more about our depression treatment program or call 844-876-7680.